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   Peony Care and Planting .

  

Care of Peonies: Peonies are long lived and low maintenance perennials.  Apply a light feeding of 5-10-10 bulb fertilizer in the early spring around the plant, but not on the crown area.  Cut foliage back in the fall after the first freeze, and destroy it to reduce the possibility of disease. In some years  a fungus called botrytis may affect your plants.  A treatment of copper sulfate or other approved fungicide will take care of this disease. Go to Seasonal Care of Peonies for complete instructions on winter, spring, summer, and fall care. A new page has been added this year on the best location for your peony; go to "where to plant your peony"  for some helpful hints.

Planting Peonies: We recommend planting peonies in the cool months of fall. This will cause the least amount of stress to the plant because it gives them time to establish their root system before the freezing temperatures of winter. Excessive summer heat is also stressful to new peony root systems so avoid planting in late spring, or summer. Peonies should also be planted in an area that drains well, and receives six or more hours of sun per day. Plants should be planted at least three feet apart to provide good air circulation, and adequate space for their root system. Below are step by step instructions for planting peonies from containers, and bare root.

 

Planting herbaceous and intersectional peonies from containers

potted peony picture
  1.      Dig a hole that is twice as wide as the pot and twice as deep. The hole should not be close to trees.
potted peony in hole picture
  1.       Work in plenty of well rotted manure or compost into the soil that was removed from the hole.
mixing compost picture
  1.       Cut off the foliage where the stem breaks through the ground. This only applies to fall planting.
cutting foliage picture
  1.       Fill the bottom of the hole with soil and compost mix. Turn the container upside down and gently tap until the root ball comes loose. Place the root ball in the hole so that the top of the root ball is even with the surrounding soil. Fill 1/2 of the hole with soil and compost mix.
peony in hole picture
  1. Water in the plant.
watering in peony picture
  1. Finish filling the top 1/2 of the hole with soil that has no compost in it. Sprinkle compost around, but not on the root ball. Water the top of the soil well.
compost sprinkled over hole picture
 

Planting herbaceous and intersectional peonies from Bare Root                       

           Click to enlarge  >Bare Root Peony

  1. Dig hole twice the width of the root, and twice the depth. It should not be close to large trees.
digging hole picture
  1. Work in plenty of well rotted manure or compost into the soil that was removed from the hole.
mixing compost picture
  1. Fill the bottom 1/2 of the hole with soil and compost mix.
filling hole picture
  1. Place the root into the hole with the eyes at the top. Locate the top eyes of the root 1" to 2" below the top of the hole.
adjusting peony height in hole picture
  1. Water in root
watering in peony picture
  1. Finish covering the top 1/2 of the hole with soil that has not been mixed with compost or manure covering the eyes of the peony with 1" to 2" of soil. Sprinkle compost mulch over the area where the peony was planted. Water the top of the soil well.
sprinkled compost over peony hole picture

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